Often considered as the symbol of Love Taj Mahal never fails to amaze the visitors with its stunning architecture and history. Taj Mahal one of the most beautiful structures on planet, listed in the 7 wonders of world is located on the bank of Yamuna River in the 17 hectares beautiful Mughal garden, in the Agra District in Uttar Pradesh. Taj Mahal attracts millions of travellers every year. The beautiful white marble mausoleum was built by the Mughal King Shajahan during the 17th century in the loving memory of his wife Mumthaz.
The architectural masterpiece is a must see tourist destination in India. White marble, the gorgeous ornamentation, expensive gemstones used and its picturesque location make it one of the best places to visit in Delhi- Agra. It is believed that the Mughal Empire Shajahan used 20,000 masons, stone carvers and artists from India and Central Asia to work on the amazing monument for 22 years. Taj Mahal has a perfect blend of Indian, Islamic and Persian architectural styles and the unique innovations introduced by the designers make it a unique man made structure in the world.
It is just not the main Taj building but the structures alongside the main building has unique architectural beauty and remarkable artistic values. The interior of the Taj Mahal is as remarkable as its beautiful white marble crust. The real beauty of Taj Mahal lies in the intricate design, stone cravings, decorative writings on the wall reciting versus of Quran and the paintings on the walls. Altogether it is one of the must see tourist places in India.
The iconic white marble dome of Taj Mahal is outlined by the four minarets, and the entire structure of Taj Mahal sits on an elevated marble platform which protects it’s from the River Yamuna. Apart from the white marble the construction also used red stones, such as the ones used in the main gateway.
The mausoleum is constructed of white marble inlaid with stones such as jade, crystal, lapis lazuli, amethyst and turquoise, which uses a technique known as “pietra dura” to form intricate designs. The central dome of Taj Mahal reaches a height of 240 feet and is surrounded by four smaller domes; four slender towers( minarets) at the corners. The verses from the Quran are inscribed in calligraphy on the arched entrances to the mausoleum and various other sections of the building. The mausoleum contains an octagonal marble chamber adorned with carvings and semi-precious stones house the cenotaph (false tomb, of Mumtaz Mahal) but, the real coffin that contains Mumtaz’s actual remains lay below, at garden level.
The rest of the Taj Mahal complex includes a main gateway of red sandstone and a square garden divided into quarters by long pools of water, which reflects the iconic Taj Mahal image. The red sandstone mosque and a similar building known as “Jawab” or “mirror” is located directly across from the mosque.
Even though Taj is a beautiful structure but the Taj Mahal’s history reveals a gruesome story. As the years passed, Aurangzeb, Shah Jahan’s third son with Mumtaz Mahal took power himself and Shah Jahan was placed under house arrest in a tower of the Red Fort at Agra. He spent the rest of his life in the Red Fort with a view of the majestic resting place he had constructed for his wife. Shah Jahan died in 1666 and he was buried next to Mumtaz Mahal.
UNESCO designated the Taj Mahal as World Heritage site in 1983, since then it remains as one of the world’s most celebrated structures and a stunning symbol of India’s rich history.
Opening Timings of Taj Mahal
Visiting Hours - Sunrise to Sunset (Friday Closed)
Other Monuments-from sunrise to sunset
Prices /Entry Fee For Taj Mahal
Foreign tourist- 1000/-
Citizens of SAARC and BIMSTEC Countries -530/-
Domestic/Indian - Rs. 40/-
No Entry fee for children below the age of 15 years.
Agra Airport Terminal 16.6km.
Bijli Ghar Bus Stand 7.7km. Idgah Bus Stand 8.9km.
Agra Fort Railway Station 8.2km. Agra Cantonment Railway station 9.5km. Raja Ki Mandi Railway Station 12.0km.
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